Skip to main content


Title: Proposed Environmental Quality Standards for Styrene in water
Author: K.L. Bates
Author: R.A. Mascarenhas
Author: A.J. Sutton
Document Type: Monograph
Annotation: EA additional title info: R&D Note 452
This report prepared for the National Rivers Authority reviews the properties and uses of styrene, its fate, behaviour and reported concentrations in the environment, and critically assesses the available data on its toxicity and bioaccumulation. All the available data have been examined and used, where possible, to derive Environmental Quality Standards (EQSs) for the protection of fresh and saltwater life as well as for the abstraction of water to potable supply. Styrene has a wide range of commercial uses, in particular it is used as a chemical intermediate in the production of polymers, copolymers and reinforced plastics, and is present in petroleum products and some adhesives. The major use of styrene is in the manufacture of polystyrene. The major release of styrene to the aquatic environment is through industrial effluents (in particular from chemical and plastic manufacturing plants), either directly or indirectly via sewage treatment. It is not, however, very persistent in the aquatic environment (half-lives in rivers in the order of hours), with volatilisation being the major removal mechanism.
Publisher: National Rivers Authority
Publication Date: 1995
Publication Place: Bristol
Subject Keywords: Environmental qualityToxicityBioaccumulationWater pollution
Extent: 91
Total file downloads: 28

Download PDF    Display PDF in separate tab